Added: Canisha Mass - Date: 19.10.2021 16:47 - Views: 46217 - Clicks: 5149
Sub-Saharan Africa has one of the highest levels of teenage pregnancies in the world. In spite of that, there is paucity of empirical research on causes of teenage pregnancies in African countries. This paper investigates the determinants of teenage pregnancies based on a case study of Busia District in Kenya. Empirical indicate that girls' education level has ificant influence on the probability of teenage birth, with non-schooling adolescents and those with primary school level education being more vulnerable.
Among the variables used as proxies for access to sex education, availability of church forums that educate adolescents about sex and family life issues reduce probability of teenage pregnancy. Age is positively related to teenage pregnancies, with older adolescents being more predisposed to pregnancies.
Though use of contraceptives is found to have a positive effect, only a small proportion of adolescents were using modern contraceptives and, supply side factors such as quality and availability were not ed for. Other key factors as outlined by the adolescents themselves include peer pressure and social environment-related factors like inappropriate forms of recreation, which act as rendezvous for pre-marital sex, as well as lack of parental guidance and counselling.
Overall, lack of access to education opportunities, sex education and information regarding contraceptives, as well the widespread poverty predispose girls to teenage pregnancies. The problem of teenage pregnancies should be viewed within the broader socio-economic and socio-cultural environment teenage sex forums which the adolescents operate. For instance, lack of parental guidance on issues of sexuality and sex education was reinforced by cultural taboos that inhibit such discussions.
Adolescents should be equipped with the relevant knowledge to enable them make informed choices regarding sexual relationships. This should be complemented with broader programmes aimed at promoting girl education and poverty alleviation. Please enable it to take advantage of the complete set of features! Clipboard, Search History, and several other advanced features are temporarily unavailable. Search: Search. Advanced Clipboard. Display options Display options. Create file Cancel. citation Subject: 1 selected item: - PubMed. Format: Summary Summary text Abstract Abstract text.
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Ajayi AA, et al. Teenage sex forums Fam Plann. PMID: Risk factors for teenage pregnancy among sexually active black adolescents in Cape Town. A case control study. Vundule C, et al. S Afr Med J. Gender differences in the schooling experiences of adolescents in low-income countries: the case of Kenya. Mensch BS, et al. Teenage pregnancy. Block RW, et al.
Adv Pediatr. PMID: Review. Adolescent childbearing in developing countries: a global review. Singh S. See all similar articles. Mezmur H, et al. Int J Womens Health. Prevalence of teenage pregnancy and the associated contextual correlates in Rwanda. Uwizeye D, et al. Parent-child communication about sexual issues in Zambia: a cross sectional study of adolescent girls and their parents.
Isaksen KJ, et al. BMC Public Health.
Parent-child sexual and reproductive health communication among very young adolescents in Korogocho informal settlement in Nairobi, Kenya. Maina BW, et al. Reprod Health. Indarti J, et al. Obstet Gynecol Int. See all "Cited by" articles. Publication types Research Support, Non-U. Gov't Actions. MeSH terms Adolescent Actions. Adult Actions. Age Factors Actions.
Educational Status Actions. Female Actions. Humans Actions. Interviews as Topic Actions. Kenya Actions. Peer Group Actions. Pregnancy Actions. Probability Actions. Risk Factors Actions. Sex Education Actions. Social Environment Actions. Socioeconomic Factors Actions. Surveys and Questionnaires Actions.
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